Essays fall of rome christianity

The Fall of the Roman Empire. Rome inevitably fell in BC as barbarian hordes overrun the city; although this is the fall of Rome it may be considered as not the fall of the Roman Empire as it the capital moved to Constantinople. But the Empire severely declined, losing more than half its land mass; this was a result of multiple factors, mainly placed down to eight key factors. The most obvious one was an increase in barbarian tribes encroaching into Roman land.

The Roman Empire had been entangled in the dealings of barbarian tribes. But tensions arose, resulting in the sacking of Rome twice; once by Visigoths and a second time by Vandals. The Eternal Cities' halo had been broken; this is defined as the fall of the Empire and therefore a strong factor. It required other factors to lead to this ultimate defeat. The military in the last years of the Roman Empire had ground to a halt. Agriculture slowed down and commercial production took a hit. With infighting and these factors, Roman coffers had been depleted.

A further hit came in the fifth century as Rome lost control of North Africa to the Vandals. The third factor was the rise of the Eastern half of the empire. Under Diocletian the empire was split up into two halves, in the short term this provided greater governance over the overextended Empire. But eventually the East overtook the West as its trade power grew and money flowed to Constantinople rather than Rome. This increased financial disintegration in the West. There was also less cooperation between the two halves in combating barbarian incursions.

The Eastern Empire with its better economy was able to fund better funding for defensive spending, therefore pushing more barbarians towards the ever ailing Rome.

The Decline Of The Imperial Collapse Of Rome And Greece

The spread of Christianity is also a factor, if rather minor, reason for the Empires collapse. It also shifted focus from the glory of Rome to the glory of a single deity; therefore Christianity eroded Roman civic values that pulled together its citizens. In addition popes and other church leaders took up an increasing role in politics, and whereas before the Emperor had been both religious leader and ruler, this role was now split. Although this was not the case for the Eastern Roman Empire as its Emperor took helm of the church.

Rome had started ailing in its last year politically, a row of ineffective emperors along with a personal guard Praetorian that had gained too much power.


The appointment of Gaius Gaius to provincial governor should be approved and Carthage must be destroyed! A vote of thanks to a loyal tribal chieftain and Carthage must be destroyed! In the end, Cati got his wish. I might claim that Rome went to war simply to hush the old boy up, but alas Carthage gave Rome all the excuse it needed. Romes Expansion not only caused the Punic Wars but also the breakdown of the republic. The Senators who had murdered the dictator assumed that the Senate would quickly regain its traditional powers and undo the damage to the republic that Caesar and other power generals had done.

But this did not happen. To their surprise, the conspirators found little popular support for their violent act. This was partly because Caesars two strongest allies, Mark Antony, now serving as consul, and Marcus Lepidus, a powerful general, were still in Rome. They enjoyed the support of both the army and a large number of citizens, rich and poor.

The Fall of Rome: How, When, and Why Did It Happen?

Caesar had also left an heir, his eighteen-year-old grandnephew Gaius Octavius, known as Octavian. The constantly shifting intrigues, alliances, and power struggles among these three men would keep Rome entangled in destructive civil strife for another fifteen years. Eventually, one of them would emerge from the fray and restore order, but under a system far different from the one that had guided Rome for centuries. Using the army to intimidate the senators, as Caesar had done, Antony kept the senators from repealing any of Caesars laws.

In addition, he made the senators approve several other laws that Caesar had only recently proposed. Then, on the day of Caesars funeral, standing before a huge crowd that had come to see the dead leaders body, Antony delivered a stirring speech.

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Sixteen centuries later the English playwright William Shakespeare would give Antony the immortal opening words, Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me youre ears. I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him. The wily Antony not only ended up praising Caesar but also revealed to the crowd the contents of Caesars will. The dictator had left his private gardens as a public park and also granted a small sum of money to every Roman citizen. The rest of his fortune Caesar had left to Octavian, whom he had recently adopted as his son..

Antony went on to point out all the great deeds Caesar had accomplished for Rome and reminded the people that they had once proudly supported him. Fearing for their lives, the conspirators fled the city. It now seemed that Antony was all-powerful in Rome.

What caused the fall of the Roman Empire? Did Christianity play a role?

But his expectation of taking Caesars palace was short-lived. When Octavian arrived to collect his inheritance, Antony who was handling Caesars will, refused to hand over the money. Antony assumed that the rather sickly youth was weak and could easily be manipulated. But he had completely underestimated Octavian.

The young man immediately raided a small army composed of Caesars veterans and joined forces with Cicero, who wanted to keep Antony from becoming a dictator like Caesar. In 43 BC it was Antony who had to flee Rome.

With Antony out of the way, Octavian now nineteen, demanded the office of consul. But Cicero and his fellow senators refused. They had only been using Octavian to get rid of Antony and had no intention of letting him hold such a powerful post. But they too, had underestimated Octavians abilities. He swiftly marched his army into Rome, and the surprised senators had no choice but to make him consul.

Antony Bewitched: With Octavian the supreme power in the west and Antony in charge of the ease, a clash between the two ambitious men was inevitable. To justify the civil war he desires with Antony, Octavian charged Antony of shirking his duties and wavering in his allegiance to Rome as a result of being led astray by Egypts queen, Cleopatra.

What caused the fall of the Roman Empire? Did Christianity play a role?

To some degree, this charge was true. The two became notorious lovers, and in the years that followed Antony spent much of his time in Egypt visiting Cleopatra. He frequently adopted Egyptian habits and dress and of ten did neglect his duties.

Octavian took full advantage of the situation, convincing the Roman people that Cleopatra wanted to be queen of Rome and that Antony planned to seize the empire for her. Though these stories were exaggerated, some evidence suggests that Cleopatra.

How an obscure oriental cult converted a vast, pagan Roman empire | Aeon Essays

In the fall of 33BC Octavian finally felt the time was right and declared war on Antony. Once more, Roman would be forced to fight Roman. Defeat and Suicide: The new civil was consisted largely of a single battle. Antony and Cleopatra managed to raise ninety thousand troops and five hundred ships, with which they intended to invade Italy. These forces spent the winter of BC in southern Greece.

In the spring of 31BC Octavian, aided by skilled general named Agrippa, approached Greece with land and sea forces slightly smaller than Antonys. In the Bay of Actium on the western coast of Greece, the fleets met in a great battle in which many ships burned and thousands on both sides lost their lives. From Octavian to Agugustus: At the age of thirty-two Octavian had triumphed over all adversaries and emerged as the sole power in Rome and its vast empire.

In 29BC he returned to Rome, where he enjoyed a lavish three-day victory celebration.